Free Study Material For RRB Examination: General Knowledge (Indian History: Important Dates)


Free Study Material For RRB Examination

Subject : General Knowledge (Indian History: Important Dates)

I. Ancient

BC

  • 2300–1750 : Indus Valley Civilization.

  • From 1500 : Coming of the Aryans.

  • 1200–800 : Expansion of the Aryans in the Ganga Valley.

  • 600 : Age of the 16 Mahajanapadas of northern India.

  • 563–483 : Buddha’s Life-span.

  • 540–468 : Mahavir’s Life-span.

  • 362–321 : Nanda dynasty.

  • 327–326 : Alexander’s invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe.

  • 322 : Accession of Chandragupta Maurya.

  • 305 : Defeat of Seleucus at the hands of Chandragupta Maurya.

  • 273–232 : Ashoka’s reign.

  • 261 : Conquest of Kalinga.

  • 145–101 : Regin of Elara, the Chola king of Sri Lanka.

  • 58 : Beginning of Vikram era.

AD

  • 78 : Beginning of Saka era.

  • 78-101 : Kanishka’s reign.

  • 319–320 : Commencement of Gupta era.

  • 380 : Accession of Chandragupta II ‘Vikramaditya’

  • 405–411 : Visit of Chinese traveller Fahien.

  • 415 : Accession of Kumargupta I.

  • 455 : Accession of Skandagupta.

  • 606–647 : Harshavardhan’s reign.

II. Medieval

  • 712 : First invasion in Sindh by Arabs (Mohd. Bin Qasim).

  • 836 : Accession of King Bhoja of Kannauj.

  • 985 : Accession of Rajaraja, the Chola ruler.

  • 998 : Accession of Sultan Mahmud Ghazni.

  • 1001 : First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni who defeated Jaipal, ruler of Punjab.

  • 1025 : Destruction of Somnath Temple by Mahmud Ghazni.

  • 1191 : First battle of Tarain.

  • 1192 : Second battle of Tarain.

  • 1206 : Accession of Qutubuddin Aibak to the throne of Delhi.

  • 1210 : Death of Qutubuddin Aibak.

  • 1221 : Chengiz Khan invaded India (Mongol invasion).

  • 1236 : Accession of Razia Sultana to the throne of Delhi.

  • 1240 : Death of Razia Sultana.

  • 1296 : Accession of Alauddin Khilji.

  • 1316 : Death of Alauddin Khilji.

  • 1325 : Accession of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq.

  • 1327 : Transfer of capital from Delhi to Devagiri (Daulatabad) in Deccan by the Muhammad-in-Tughlaq.

  • 1336 : Foundation of Vijaynagar empire in the South.

  • 1351 : Accession of Firoz Shah Tughlaq.

  • 1398 : Timur’s invasion of India.

  • 1469 : Birth of Guru Nanak.

  • 1494 : Accession of Babur in Farghana.

  • 1497–98 : First voyage of Vasco di Gama to India (discovery of sea route to India via the Cape of Good Hope)

  • 1526 : First Battle of Panipat; Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi; foundation of Mughal dynasty by Babur.

  • 1527 : Battle of Khanwa-Babur defeated Rana Sanga.

  • 1530 : Death of Babur and accession of Humayun.

  • 1539 : Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun in the battle of Chausa and became India’s emperor.

  • 1555 : Humayun recaptured the throne of Delhi.

  • 1556 : Second Battle of Panipat (Bairam Khan defeated Hemu).

  • 1556 : Battle of Talikota (Rakshasa-Tangadi).

  • 1576 : Battle of Haldighati-Rana Pratap was defeated by Akbar.

  • 1582 : Din-i-Ilahi founded by Akbar.

  • 1600 : English East India Company established.

  • 1605 : Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir.

  • 1606 : Execution of Guru Arjun Dev, the 5th Guru of Sikhs.

  • 1611 : Jahangir marries Nurjahan.

  • 1615 : Sir Thomas Roe visits Jahangir.

  • 1627 : Birth of Shivaji and death of Jahangir.

  • 1628 : Shahjahan becomes emperor of India.

  • 1631 : Death of Mumtazmahal.

  • 1634 : The English permitted to trade in India (in Bengal).

  • 1659 : Accession of Aurangzeb, Shahjahan imprisoned.

  • 1665 : Shivaji imprisoned by Aurangzeb.

  • 1666 : Death of Shahjahan.

  • 1675 : Execution of Guru Teg Bahadur, the 9th Guru of Sikhs.

  • 1680 : Death of Shivaji.

  • 1707 : Death of Aurangzeb.

  • 1708 : Death of Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Guru of Sikhs.

  • 1739 : Nadir Shah invades India.

  • 1757 : Battle of Plassey, establishment of British political rule in India at the hands of Lord Clive.

  • 1761 : Third battle of Panipat.

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