Free Study Material For RRB Examination: General Knowledge (Indian Polity)


Free Study Material For RRB Examination

Subject : General Knowledge (Indian Polity)

Diffrent Sources of the indian constitution

  •  Although the skeleton of the constitution was derived from Government of India Act 1935, many provisions were imported from other constitution,, of the world. Some of them are listed below:

  •  Government of India Act 1935: Federal scheme, office of Governor, power of Federal judiciary, emergency powers etc.

  •  Constitution of Britain: Law making procedures, rule of law, provision for single citizenship, Parliamentary system of government, office of CAG.

  •  Constitution of USA: Independence of judiciary. judicial review, fundamental rights, removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges, preamble and functions of Vice-president.

  •  Constitution of Canada: Federation with strong Centre, to provide residuary powers to the centre.

  •  Constitution of Ireland: Directive Principles of State policy, method of presidential elections, and the nomination of members to Rajya Sabha by the President,

  •  Constitution of Germany: Provisions concerning the suspension of fundamental rights during emergency.

  •  Constitution of Australia: Idea of the Concurrent list.

  •  Constitution of South Africa: Amendment with 2/3rd majority in Parliament and election of the Members of Rajya Sabha on the basis of proportional representation.

The Preamble

  •  The 42nd Amendment (1976) added the words Secular’ and ‘Socialist’ end now the Preamble reads as follows:

  •  “We, the people of India having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens: Justice, social. economic and political; Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship Equality of status and of opportunity: and to promote among them all Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation. In our Constituent Assembly on this twenty-sixty day November, 1949, we do hereby, Adopt, Enact and Give Ourselves this Constitution.”

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