Free Study Material For RRB Examination
Subject : General Knowledge (Indian Polity)
Diffrent Sources of the indian constitution
Although the skeleton of the constitution was
derived from Government of India Act 1935, many provisions were imported
from other constitution,, of the world. Some of them are listed below:
Government of India Act 1935: Federal scheme,
office of Governor, power of Federal judiciary, emergency powers etc.
Constitution of Britain: Law making procedures,
rule of law, provision for single citizenship, Parliamentary system of
government, office of CAG.
Constitution of USA: Independence of judiciary.
judicial review, fundamental rights, removal of Supreme Court and High Court
judges, preamble and functions of Vice-president.
Constitution of Canada: Federation with strong
Centre, to provide residuary powers to the centre.
Constitution of Ireland: Directive Principles of
State policy, method of presidential elections, and the nomination of
members to Rajya Sabha by the President,
Constitution of Germany: Provisions concerning the
suspension of fundamental rights during emergency.
Constitution of Australia: Idea of the Concurrent
Constitution of South Africa: Amendment with 2/3rd
majority in Parliament and election of the Members of Rajya Sabha on the
basis of proportional representation.
The 42nd Amendment (1976) added the words Secular’
and ‘Socialist’ end now the Preamble reads as follows:
“We, the people of India having solemnly resolved
to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic
Republic and to secure to all its citizens: Justice, social. economic and
political; Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship
Equality of status and of opportunity: and to promote among them all
Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and
integrity of the Nation. In our Constituent Assembly on this twenty-sixty
day November, 1949, we do hereby, Adopt, Enact and Give Ourselves this